Introduction To Moravian History, Theology, Worship, And Mission

Compiled for the Unity Library Project by Craig Atwood, Paul Peucker, and Peter Vogt, 2011

1.    Ancient Unity

Atwood, Craig D. The Theology of the Czech Brethren from Hus to Comenius. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2009.

Comenius, Johann Amos. The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart. Translated and edited by Howard Louthan and Andrea Sterk. New York: Paulist Press, 1998.

Crews, Daniel C.. Faith, Hope, and Love: A History of the Unitas Fratrum. Winston-Salem, NC: Moravian Archives, 2008.

“Jan Amos Comenius.” Special issue, Christian History, vol. 6, no. 1, 1987.

“Jan Hus: Incendiary Preacher of Prague.” Special issue, Christian History, No. 68 (2000).

2.    Renewed Moravian Church History

Beachy, Robert and Michele Gillespie. Pious Pursuits: German Moravians in the Atlantic World. New York: Berghahn Books, 2007.

Faull, Katherine. Moravian Women's Memoirs: Their Related Lives, 1750-1820. Syracuse, N.Y. : Syracuse University Press, 1997.

Hamilton, J. Taylor, and Kenneth G. Hamilton. History of the Moravian Church: The Renewed Unitas Fratrum, 1722-1957. Bethlehem and Winston-Salem: Interprovincial Board of Christian Education, Moravian Church in America, 1967.

Klinkers, Ellen. “Moravian Missions in Times of Emancipation: Conversion of Slaves in Suriname during the Nineteenth Century.” In Pious Pursuits: German Moravians in the Atlantic World. Edited by Robert Beachy and Michele Gillespie. New York: Berghahn Books, 2007, 207-222.

Smaby, Beverly. “’No one should lust for power… women least of all.’: Dismantling Female Leadership among Eighteenth-century Moravians.” In Pious Pursuits: German Moravians in the Atlantic World. Edited by Robert Beachy and Michele Gillespie. New York: Berghahn Books, 2007, 159-175.

Vogt, Peter. “‘Everywhere at Home’: The Eighteenth-Century Moravian Movement as a Transatlantic Religious Community.” Journal of Moravian History 1 (2006): 7-29.

 3.    Zinzendorf

Atwood, Craig. "Zinzendorf and the Theology of the Heart," ch. 2 of Community of the Cross. Moravian Piety in Colonial Bethlehem (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2005), 43-75.

Lewis, Arthur James. Zinzendorf, the ecumenical pioneer: A study in the Moravian contribution to Christian mission and unity. London: Westminster Press, 1962.

Vogt, Peter. “Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf (1700-1760).” In The Pietist Theologians. An Introduction to Theology in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Edited by Carter Lindberg. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2005, 207-223.

Weinlick, John R. Count Zinzendorf. The Story of His Life and Leadership in the Renewed Moravian Church. Bethlehem: Moravian Church in North America, 1984.

Wessels, Chris. “69 Days: The story of a forgotten comrade of Steven Biko and the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa.” ITD International Theological Dialogue. October 2004.

“Zinzendorf and the Moravians.” Special issue, Christian History, no. 1 (1982).

4.    Moravian liturgy and worship

Crews, C. Daniel. “The Why of Moravian Music,” in Nola Reed Knouse, ed. The Music of the Moravian Church in America. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2008, 29-43.

Frank, Albert H. and Nola Reed Knouse. “Hymnody of the Moravian Church,” in Nola Reed Knouse, ed. The Music of the Moravian Church in America. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2008, 44-87.

Fries, Adelaide. Customs and Practices of the Moravian Church. 4th edition. Bethlehem: Moravian Church in North America, 2003.

Hamilton, Kenneth G. “Office of the Bishop in the Renewed Moravian Church.” Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. XVI (1954): 30-58.

Knouse, Nola Reed. Opening a Can of Worms: Reflections on Music and Worship in Today’s Moravian Church. Winston-Salem: Moravian Music Foundation, 1996

Knouse, Nola Reed. “The Moravians and Their Music,” in Nola Reed Knouse, ed. The Music of the Moravian Church in America. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2008, 1-28.

Linyard, Fred and Phillip Tovey. Moravian Worship. Bramcote, Nottingham : Grove Books, 1994.

Lütjeharms, Wilhelm. “The Litany: Its Origin and its Development in the Moravian Church,” Unitas Fratrum: Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Gegenwartsfragen der Brüdergemeine, no. 7 (1980), 76-87.

Williams, Henry L. “The Development of the Moravian Hymnal.” Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society XVIII (1962): 239-266.

5.    Missions

Kinkel, Gary. It Started with Zinzendorf: a Mission Study Then & Now. [Bethlehem:] Provincial Women's Board of the Northern Province, Moravian Church in America, 1996.

Nelson, Vernon. “Archibald John Montieth: Native Helper and Assistant in the Jamaica Mission at New Carmel.” Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. XXI (1966): 29-52.

Sensbach, Jon. Rebecca’s Revival: Creating Black Christianity in the Atlantic World. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Schattschneider, David A. "The Missionary Theologies of Zinzendorf and Spangenberg." Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society XXII/iii (1975): 213-233.

Sensbach, Jon. “Slavery, Race, and the Global Fellowship: Religious Radicals Confront the Modern Age.” In Pious Pursuits: German Moravians in the Atlantic World. Edited by Robert Beachy and Michele Gillespie. New York: Berghahn Books, 2007, 223-236.

Suggested further readings (not included in library)

Mason, J.C.S. The Moravian Church and the Missionary Awakening in England. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2001.

Lewis, Kingsley. The Moravian Mission in Barbados, 1816-1886: A Study of the Historical Context and Theological Significance of a Minority Church among an Oppressed People. Frankfurt am Main ; P. Lang, 1985.

6.    Contemporary Moravian doctrine and practice

Atwood, Craig D. Jesus Still Lead On: An Introduction to Moravian Belief. Bethlehem: Interprovincial Board of Communication, 2004. Studies of the Moravian Covenant for Christian Living and the Ground of the Unity.

Church Order of the Unitas Fratrum 1995 : with resolutions from Unity synods 1974, 1981, 1988 & 1995.

Couch, M. Blair, and Graham H. Rights. What We Believe: A Glimpse at Moravian Theology. Bethlehem: Interprovincial Woman’s Board, 2006.

Crews, C. Daniel. Confessing Our Unity in Christ: Historical and Theological Background to “The Ground of the Unity.” Second edition. Winston-Salem: Provincial Elders’ Conference, Moravian Church Southern Province, 2000.

“Moravian Theological Education.” Special issue, The Hinge: International Theological Dialog for the Moravian Church, Spring 2008, vol. 15, no. 2.

Motel, Hans/Beat. “The Moravian Church as a Global Community: Dreams at the Beginning, Challenges Today, Dreams for the Future.” The Hinge: International Theological Dialog for the Moravian Church. Spring 2004 Vol. 11, No. 1.

Theile, Dorothee. Morning Star, o Cheering Sight. The Moravian Star and its History. Herrnhut, 2008.

Theile, Martin. The Moravian Church and the Charismatic Movement : An Orientation from the Ideas of Count N.L. von Zinzendorf. Transl. by Peter Vogt. Herrnhut : Evangelische Brüder-Unität, 2000. 16 p.

Vogt, Peter. “God’s Present Voice: The Theology and Hermeneutics of the Moravian Daily Texts (Herrnhuter Losungen).” Communio Viatorum: A Theological Journal published by the Protestant Theological Faculty of Charles University in Prague 50 (2008): 55-73.

Women in Ordained Ministry. Special issue of TMDK: Transatlantic Moravian Dialogue-Correspondence, no. 17, March 1999.